A potpourri of statistics demonstrating the importance of creating healthy habits.
Our baseline performance indicators for pillars of health like nutrition, fitness, mental health, and sleep have a lot of room for improvement:
- Nutrition: 35.5% of US adults (20 years and older) are obese (Obesity is a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 for adults. Height and weight are measured rather than self-reported.)
- Fitness: 21.0% of US adults (18 years and older) met both guidelines for physical activity in 2013; 46.5% met neither guideline (Federal guidelines recommend at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity a week and muscle- strengthening activities at least twice a week.)
- Mental Health: For adults aged 18 years and over, 3.4% had serious psychological distress (SPD) in the past 30 days in 2012–2013. In 2012–2013, 7.1% of adults aged 55–64 experienced mild-moderate psychological distress (MMPD) in the past 30 days.
- Mental Health: 17.0% of students in grades 9–12 seriously considered suicide in the past 12 months in 2013.
- Sleep: 68.3% of students in grades 9–12 got fewer than 8 hours of sleep on an average school night in 2013.
We want to make positive changes in our lives:
- Resolutions: 45% of Americans usually make New Year’s Resolutions.
- Nutrition: An estimated 108 million Americans on diets each year.
We continually falter in our change attempts:
- Resolutions: Only 8% are successful in achieving their resolution, while 49% achieve infrequent success, and 24% never succeed. 75% maintain their resolution past the first week, 71% past two weeks, 64% past one month, and 46% past six months.
- Nutrition: Dieters typically make four to five attempts per year.
The cost of failure to change is high:
- Four health risk behaviors, unhealthy behaviors we can change, cause much of the damage related to chronic diseases and conditions.
- Half of US adults have at least one chronic condition; 25% have two or more.
- 86% of healthcare spending is for patients with chronic conditions.
- Chronic diseases are by far the leading cause of mortality in the world, representing 60% of all deaths.
- Ward, Brian W. “Multiple chronic conditions among US adults: a 2012 update.” Preventing chronic disease 11 (2014).
- Gerteis J, Izrael D, Deitz D, LeRoy L, Ricciardi R, Miller T, Basu J. Multiple Chronic Conditions Chartbook. AHRQ Publications No, Q14-0038. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. April 2014.
- National Center for Health Statistics. Health, United States, 2014: With Special Feature on Adults Aged 55–64. Hyattsville, MD. 2015.
- Statistic Brain
- ABC News